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Before diving into tabs (tablatures), chords, etc. you should get familiar with the guitar.

Let's look at the basic terms for some of the guitar parts:

The strings are attached from the bridge to the machine heads, which you use to adjust them into the correct tuning. When played a string will vibrate between the saddle and the nut, causing it to sound out the correct frequency of the string. By placing your fingers between the frets on the neck, you shorten the length that the string vibrates between the saddle and the fret, causing it to sound out a higher frequency, and thereby changing it to a higher pitch. Most guitars have inlays that helps you see where to place your fingers, so you don't have to count the frets from the nut towards the body. When told to place a finger on the first fret on a string, you're actually placing it between the nut and the first fret. You only place the finger above the fret itself if you want to play harmonics. So, if you want to play the 5th fret on a string, place the finger between the 4th and the 5th fret, and so on. The strings are all different, so they can be tuned to different frequencies. On the picture above, the strings from left to right are: E-A-D-G-B-E. Since there are 2 E strings, I will throughout this site refer to them as the thickest (the one to the left) and the thinnest (the one the the right) E strings. Another way of describing the strings is to number them 1 through 6, where the thinnest E string on the right is number 1:  E:6, A:5, D:4, G:3, B:2, E:1. The first thing you need to do when you pick up a guitar, is tuning the strings.

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